How to Stop Maladaptive Daydreaming

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Category: Maladaptive Daydreaming

How Does Maladaptive Daydreaming End?

One of the most common questions I get is about how it feels for maladaptive daydreaming to end. Does it go out with a bang? A whimper? Something in between?

As I discuss in the maladaptive daydreaming program, there are a series of tricks that work for most people almost immediately (or at least cause a severe reduction in the amount of maladaptive daydreaming).

So for most people – when they have the right know-how – maladaptive daydreaming does end with a bang. The frequency and intensity of the dreams go away in just a few days or weeks.

In fact, over 50% of those who have taken my survey after doing the program have reported a 90% reduction in their maladaptive daydreams after just two weeks.

However, here’s the thing…

Maladaptive Daydreaming Ending Feels Like Nothing


When I was maladaptive daydreaming at my height I would often engage in daydreaming (I don’t know if it was really maladaptive!) about what it would be like for the maladaptive daydreams to go away.

It was a bit like Inception, but for maladaptive daydreams (which I think would actually be a good movie).

So when I began my seven-step method for ending maladaptive daydreams – along with a few tricks I created – I expected to really notice when the maladaptive daydreams left me.

Instead, they just kind of disappeared into the ether. Because I wasn’t engaging in maladaptive daydreams, I wasn’t even thinking about them.

Occasionally I would notice this and think about how odd it was that a few weeks prior I was consumed by my daydreams and now I wasn’t at all.

The Common Pathway

My pathway of going from non-stop maladaptive daydreaming to barely even thinking about maladaptive daydreaming is actually the norm.

My theory is that this is almost necessary because when a maladaptive daydream really gets going – after you engage in it for five or ten minutes – it’s almost impossible to stop it from extending out even further.

In other words, once the train gets rolling it takes a long time and a lot of effort to hit the brakes.

So my approach was to:

  1. Make the maladaptive daydreams less appealing (by using tricks like “poisoning the well”)
  2. Notice as soon as I was drifting into a maladaptive daydream and immediately move by attention elsewhere (through the seven-step method)

While I don’t pretend like I have all the answers, I’ve talked to hundreds of maladaptive daydreamers.

I don’t know of anyone who has made a recovery who every day decreased their maladaptive daydreaming by 5%. That just strikes me as almost being an agonizingly slow process that almost surely won’t work.

Instead you need to break maladaptive daydreaming. Not with willpower, but with a real strategy.

This was maladaptive daydreaming ends with a bang, but feels like a whimper. Maladaptive daydreaming ending feels like nothing because you don’t recognize it even happening.

…On occasion you’ll just notice – out of the blue – that those daydreams that so occupied your life are gone. You’ll then, hopefully, shrug your shoulders and move on. Perhaps even to engage in an adaptive daydream about your real life and your real future.

Take care as always,


Maladaptive Dreaming and Loneliness

This question comes from Emily, who is a maladaptive daydreamer in Utah. Here’s her question:

I’ve been trying to figure out whether or not I’m maladaptive daydreaming because I’m lonely or not? I don’t necessarily want to be around other people so I feel like maybe it’s not because I’m lonely at all.

Emily (18 years old)

Emily’s question is a fantastic one and one that I hear often.

In my experience, many maladaptive daydreamers (including myself!) are rather insular people. We have traditionally enjoyed staying in our own heads and generally enjoy our own company.

However, with the introduction of maladaptive daydreaming all of that changes. It no longer feels productive or enjoyable to stay in one’s own mind.

Instead it feels like we’re wasting our life because our maladaptive daydreams have nothing to do with our own life and we’re now choosing our maladaptive daydreams over doing nearly anything in our real life.

The Connection Between Loneliness and Maladaptive Daydreaming

Maladaptive daydreaming is fundamentally a form of escapism that has gone awry for most people.

For some people, but I think quite few, maladaptive daydreaming can be a form of escapism from loneliness.

In other words, these maladaptive daydreamers construct an abstract world in their mind where they’re trusted, valued, and cared for by friends and family (perhaps all of them being fictional characters or those you don’t know in your real life).

With that said, an adaptive form of daydreaming can be thinking about other people even if they are fictional. So we do need to be careful here.

For example, you may daydream about a certain kind of boyfriend or girlfriend who is entirely fictional. This may seem maladaptive – and if it consumes lots of your time and energy it certainly can be – but in reality this is a way for your brain to figure out what you want out of a partner in real life.

By running through different potential partners in your daydreams you’re figuring out what kind of partner would actually make you happy. This avoids having to do the somewhat risky thing of figuring it out in real life.

One can argue that perhaps this is not the healthiest form of daydreaming, but that doesn’t make it inherently maladaptive.

Most Maladaptive Daydreamers Enjoy Solitutde

In my experience, nearly everyone I talk to confesses that they enjoy their free time and being alone with themselves.

While this is a reasonably rare quality there is nothing bad about it at all!

Research tends to indicate – although anything in this field is quite open to interpretation – that loneliness manifests itself most often in a kind of emptiness. Loneliness feels as those there is a giant void within you, full of nothing.

In fact, loneliness tends to come along with something active and in the present. Loneliness deals with your real self in this singular moment. That’s entirely distinct and almost the opposite of what is occurring when we maladaptive daydream.

With that said, it is possible to have maladaptive daydreams that are meant to “solve” your loneliness by constructing a false world where you feel you are not alone.

When Emily and I discussed her maladaptive daydreams in particular, this was obviously not the case. Her maladaptive daydreams weren’t focused on socializing so much as around achievement if her life had gone in a different direction.


Maladaptive daydreams are complicated and the motivations that lead us towards them are frustratingly various.

However, in my experience (and your personal experience may vary!) loneliness and maladaptive daydreaming are not generally tied as closely as many think.

If you’re looking for a definition of maladaptive daydreaming, you can find it here: What is Maladaptive Daydreaming?

If you have any questions please let me know. Emily and I talked after she joined the Maladaptive Daydreaming Program, which you may also find useful.

Take care as always,


What is Maladaptive Daydreaming?

One of the issues surrounding discussions of maladaptive daydreaming is coming to an agreement as to a definition.

This is particularly true because the vast majority of psychologists and psychiatrists are reluctant to believe that daydreaming can ever be maladaptive.

Or perhaps put another way, they are reluctant to believe that maladaptive daydreaming is not just a symptom of something deeper and “more clinical” like depression.

When I first began to think seriously and deliberately about my own maladaptive daydreaming, I was confronted with trying to put a definition to it.

I figured if I couldn’t even define what maladaptive daydreaming was, then how could I be sure I even had it?

Defining Maladaptive Daydreaming

After a few iterations, this is the definition of maladaptive daydreaming I came up with that I believe has stood the test of time:

Maladaptive daydreams are any daydreams that not only serve no useful purpose to furthering your life, but actively harm your ‘real’ life by consuming increasing quantities of your time and energy.

This is a short definition that doesn’t necessarily capture all the attributes of maladaptive daydreaming that many experience, so let’s unpack this definition a little bit.

Maladaptive daydreams are often characterized as having increasingly abstract worlds that are entirely present in one’s own mind.

These worlds are locked away, told to no one, and accessible only to the maladaptive daydreamers him or herself.

These increasingly abstract worlds often start with the ‘real’ person being the central character, but then begin to arch out. Often the most serious maladaptive daydreamers will be dreaming of a protagonist who is him or herself, but yet looks, talks, and thinks almost entirely different.

These abstract worlds serve no useful purpose to furthering the life of the individual who maladaptive daydreams. The maladaptive daydreams involve people, scenarios, challenges, and triumphs entirely separate from their “real” world.

Maladaptive Daydreams Consume Lots of Time

The serious maladaptive daydreamer will also spend increasing amounts of time in his or her daydreams.

This will begin by consuming the spare time that exists in his or her day, but will quickly branch out into playing like a script in the back of their mind.

Maladaptive daydreamers will often remark that they have trouble focusing, when they really need to, because their maladaptive daydreams are butting in.

This is the start of when maladaptive daydreams go from a somewhat odd crutch or support system to actively interfering with your life; causing your academic, work, and/or social life to suffer


Over the years I’ve talked to many people with maladaptive daydreams. While no maladaptive daydream is ever quite the same, what they all have in common are some central attributes captured in the definition above.

If you have any questions, feel free to reach out as always.

Take care,


P.S. – If you’d like to learn more about how I overcame my maladaptive daydreams, feel free to check out my course on maladaptive daydreaming here

Does Maladaptive Daydreaming Begin with Trauma?

When I first recognized that these daydreams I had – that consumed so much of my waking hours – were abnormal, I began to Google around (as perhaps you are doing right now).

I quickly realized that these absorbing daydreams I was engaged in were “maladaptive daydreams” and that they were actually reasonably common. In fact, in just North America alone nearly 100,000 individual people have searched for “maladaptive daydreaming” just this past month.

However, when I began reading about maladaptive daydreaming there was a common thread: traumatic experiences.

This troubled me. I did not think that I had suffered from any traumatic experiences in youth or beyond. No household is perfect, but to suggest mine engendered me with any form of trauma would be a stretch of the imagination.

But here’s the thing: since resolving my own maladaptive daydreaming, and having talked to so many with maladaptive daydreaming, I’ve realized that maladaptive daydreaming is invariably somewhat related to trauma.

By that I mean, if we expand the definition of trauma to involving scenarios in which you want to escape, then it is true that maladaptive daydreaming nearly always involves those who have faced a traumatic experience.

For me, this meant escaping expectations.

The expectations of family, friends, and peers. The expectations that having gone to an elite college and having obtained an elite job should have led to happiness. When it invariably, at least in my case, did not.

My maladaptive daydreams allowed me to live out an ulterior life. A life that I didn’t necessarily want, but a life in which there was no discontinuity between what was expected of me and what was achieved.

One can say (perhaps rightly so) that the burden of expectations do not constitute trauma. That’s fine. Perhaps they’re right. However, for me I recognize that this was a form of trauma (however slight relative to what others go through) and this ultimately led me into maladaptive daydreaming.

One of the first steps in overcoming maladaptive daydreaming, as I detail in the course I created, is understanding the root of your maladaptive daydreams. How did they occur, what do they represent, what are they preventing you from confronting?

There is no easy way to answer these questions. It requires a level of introspection. However, at their core will be some level of trauma. Some thing, whatever it may be, that you’re trying to escape from having to confront, ponder, and consider.

So how should we define “trauma” for the purposes of maladaptive daydreaming? Well we should consider trauma anything worthy of pursuing maladaptive daydreams for as maladaptive daydreams are invariably a mechanism for escaping having to deal with the realities of life.

If you want to escape from something, then it might as well be considered traumatic. Whether that’s a job, a relationship, a school experience, or something entirely different.

Escapism is a manner in which trauma is avoided (whatever that trauma may be) and maladaptive daydreaming is the mechanism by which that escapism occurs.

As I’ve said for the past few years, the way to overcome maladaptive daydreaming is by first recognizing what it is. When you recognize it’s purely a form of escapism – a safe fantasy your mind has dreamt up – then the first crack has been made.

Take care as always,


The Growth of Maladaptive Daydreaming in 2020

I have lived and worked in New York City for the past four years and as you imagine early 2020 has not exactly been what I bargained for.

However, nearly as soon as the shut downs began I thought to myself, “What will this do for maladaptive daydreaming?”

At once there will be millions without school or work obligations who are left to their own devices (always a scary thing for those prone to MD).

I feared that maladaptive daydreaming would continue its inevitable march forward; stealing more time and energy from people around the world.

Unfortunately, this has been realized. Below is a photo of Google trends, which shows the increased search volume seen for maladaptive daydreaming on Google.

maladaptive daydreaming trend growth

Interestingly, the chart appears to have already peaked and now come back down. However, you’ll notice that the “new normal” of this chart is significantly above the “old normal”.

Here’s another chart, showing the exact number of people searching for maladaptive daydreaming help and support on Google:

maladaptive daydreaming search growth

In just North America, nearly 100,000 people searched for help with their maladaptive daydreaming.

This rapid rise is disheartening. It illustrates to me that when so many are left with more time on their hands – and perhaps more external stressors – they turn to their imagination in a way that only exacerbates their ills.

However, there is good news. Namely that there has never been a better time to recognize your own maladaptive daydreams. They are now better understood than ever before and resources exist to help ease yourself out of them.

Just several years ago, when I was struggling to overcome my own maladaptive daydreams, there was an utter dearth of information. It was hard enough to find even a blog post on the subject. Times have changed and there has never been better detailed tactics and strategies than there are now.

Take care as always.


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